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Dovecote at Rousham House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Dovecote at Rousham House

List entry Number: 1017324

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Rousham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Mar-2000

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30846

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dovecotes are specialised structures designed for the breeding and keeping of doves as a source of food and as a symbol of high social status. Most surviving examples were built in the period between the 14th and the 17th centuries, although both earlier and later examples are documented. They were generally freestanding structures, square or circular in plan and normally of brick or stone, with nesting boxes built into the internal wall. They were frequently sited at manor houses or monasteries. Whilst a relatively common monument class (1500 examples are estimated to survive out of an original population of c.25,000), most will be considered to be of national interest, although the majority will be listed rather than scheduled. They are also generally regarded as an important component of local distinctiveness and character.

The dovecote at Rousham House survives well and unusually retains all the main components of its internal furniture which increases its archaeological integrity and value. In addition the dovecote is a good example of its class, form and date. Its fitness for the purpose originally intended is demonstrated by the fact that it is still used by pigeons.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a 17th century dovecote (dated 1685), situated in a walled garden in the grounds of Rousham House. The dovecote, which is Listed Grade II*, is circular in plan and is built of coursed limestone. Internally it still contains its ladder and a central platform on which its potence sits. This whole structure pivots around the interior of the building to allow access to the nest boxes. The boxes (744), themselves are built into the walls, and there is an alighting ledge below every other tier of nest boxes. The roof is conical with two good examples of wooden dormer windows and a decorative white, wooden cupula at its top. The dovecote lies in the later park planned by William Kent which was designed around it.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hansell, P, Hansell, J, Doves and Dovecotes, (1988), 87,91,8
Other
OXFORDSHIRE 2, O.A.U., MPP Dovecote Assessment, (1997)

National Grid Reference: SP4794124188

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017324 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 09:18:02.

End of official listing