Two bowl barrows 690m and 790m north of The Manor Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017337

Date first listed: 20-Apr-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Feb-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 690m and 790m north of The Manor Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Avening

National Grid Reference: ST 87088 96000, ST 87114 96090

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the two bowl barrows 690m and 790m north of The Manor Farm have been somewhat disturbed by ploughing and partial excavation, they survive well. Both mounds will contain evidence for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and about the size of the local community at that time. The mounds will also preserve environmental information in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow and giving an insight into the landscape in which the monument was set. In addition the mounds and their surrounding ditches will contain environmental evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both to the barrows and the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows set close to the crest of a hill in the Cotswolds and within two areas of protection. The southern barrow has a mound which measures 23m in diameter and is 0.3m high, while the barrow to the north has a mound measuring 14m in diameter and about 0.1m high. Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was excavated during the construction of the barrows. These are no longer visible at ground level, but survive as buried features between 2m and 3m wide. One of these barrows was partially excavated in 1847, when eight skeletons were found, lying in seven stone-lined graves arranged in a circle around the circumference of the mound. One of the skeletons was accompanied by a spearhead. Three feet below the top of the mound was another skeleton. Finds from the barrow included about 30 yellow glass and amber beads, several iron spearheads, a shield boss, a saucer-brooch, the decorative plates from three brooches, silver earrings and a bronze ring. The site was re-examined in 1869 by Playne, who claimed that the centre portion of the barrow was undisturbed, and reported finding charcoal, bones, potsherds and worked flints at ground level.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32350

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 102
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 102
Playne, G F, 'Proceedings of the Cotteswold Naturalists Field Club' in On the Early Occupation of the Cotswold Hills by Man, , Vol. V, (1872), 278-282

End of official listing