Bowl barrow 680m south east of Piccadilly Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017339

Date first listed: 11-Feb-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 680m south east of Piccadilly Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Tewkesbury (District Authority)

Parish: Southam

National Grid Reference: SO 99387 22974

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 680m south east of Piccadilly Farm survives well, with a prominent mound, and does not appear to have been disturbed in the past. The mound will contain evidence of primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and the size of the local community at that time. The barrow mound will also preserve environmental information in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow and giving an insight into the landscape in which the monument was set. The barrow mound and its surrounding ditch will also contain environmental evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both to the barrow and the landscape within which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a hill in the Cotswolds. The barrow mound measures 24m in diameter and is about 1.2m high. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was excavated during the construction of the barrow. This ditch is no longer visible at ground level, but survives as a buried feature about 3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32358

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 127

End of official listing