Moated site at Manor Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017344

Date first listed: 18-Jul-2000


Ordnance survey map of Moated site at Manor Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2018 at 12:51:45.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Malvern Hills (District Authority)

Parish: Hill Croome

National Grid Reference: SO 88544 40924


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite partial infilling and some disturbance the moated site at Manor Farm survives as a reasonably well preserved example of a large monument of its class. The size of the site and the references to a manorial chapel are unusual. The remains of earlier structures are expected to survive below ground.

These remains will be expected to preserve evidence of former structures, including both domestic and ancillary buildings, the manorial chapel, and their associated occupation levels. These remains will help illustrate the nature of use of the site and the lifestyle of its inhabitants in addition to providing evidence for the date of construction and any subsequent periods of use of the moat.

The moat ditch will preserve deposits relating to its construction and any alterations during its active history. The waterlogged condition of the moat will preserve environmental information about the ecosystem and landscape in which it was set.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the known extent of the buried and earthwork remains of a manorial moated site of medieval date at Manor Farm. The site is located on level ground approximately 500m south east of a low ridge. The monument is a regular double moat enclosing two islands and oriented north to south. It is documented as being the site of a manorial chapel. Only a portion of the moat remains as a water-filled earthwork feature. The southern arm is recorded as a dry earthwork feature approximately 16m wide on early Ordnance Survey mapping. This is now unfilled but will survive as a buried feature. The southern island is thought to measure approximately 40m by 60m.

The visible earthwork moat is `T' shaped and consists of a 107m long by 8m wide ditch oriented north to south forming the western arm, running from this arm's midpoint for 60m to the east is a further arm which forms part of the `T' shape. It is believed that the north arm of the northern moat would have followed the line of a modern drain. At the southern end of the western arm is situated a two arched bridge of brick and stone, a modern timber bridge is located a few metres to the north. Both of these bridges are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

The area which would originally have constituted the northern island is cut by the modern road. It is now overgrown but believed to be undisturbed.

There is no evidence of the eastern arm of either the northern or southern islands and of the southern moat arm, although it is expected past infilling will have preserved evidence for their construction and the earliest phases of use, in addition to preserving environmental evidence.

A section of western arm has been adapted to serve as a swimming pool to the south of the surviving earthwork moat.

The southern island is occupied by the present Manor Farm House, a timber framed building with modern alterations and extensions, and a number of ancillary buildings. Manor Farm House is a Listed Building Grade II.

Manor Farm, all modern fencing and surfaces, the bridges, the swimming pool and all ancillary buildings, including that with a stone basement, are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31961

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Moger, O, The Victoria History of the County of Worcestershire, (1908), 319
Bond, C.J., Provisional List of Moats in Worcestershire, (1972)

End of official listing