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Moated site and fishpond north-west of Pinhills Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and fishpond north-west of Pinhills Farm

List entry Number: 1017398


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Calne Without

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Apr-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Jul-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12039

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known in England, relatively few survive in Wiltshire. This example is particularly important as it survives well and has an above average level of historical documentation. The location of the moated site on a commanding hilltop adds to the importance of the site. Most moated sites are low lying and construction at such a height must have caused problems in the availability of a constant water supply.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a moated site and associated fishpond immediately north- west of Pinhills Farm. It survives as a square enclosure orientated NW-SE and surrounded by an irregular shaped moat 16-17m wide at its maximum and up to 1.5m deep. An outer bank survives to the north-west of the moat while a rectangular depression to the north-east is considered to be a contemporary fishpond. Within the moated site rubble foundations can be traced orientated south-west/north-east. Historical sources suggest that Pinhills was surrounded by a breastwork in 1643. This was drained either in 1643 or 1644 when the Royalists captured the manor house and destroyed it. The Manor house is believed to have been home to the Blake family from the 14th century.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Marsh, A F W, History of Calne, (1904)
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine: Volume 49, , Vol. 49, (1942), 571-2
Jackson, J E, 'Wilts Arch Magazine' in Moated Site North-West Of Pinhills Farm, , Vol. 24, (1889), 166-219
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Fishponds, 1988,
Title: (Moated site north-west of Pinhills Farm) Source Date: 1960 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 6"

National Grid Reference: ST 98705 70092


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Sep-2018 at 02:23:31.

End of official listing