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Bowl barrow, 240m N of The Kennels

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow, 240m N of The Kennels

List entry Number: 1017474

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Harlow

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Nov-1950

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Oct-1997

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29392

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 240m north of The Kennels is well preserved and will retain valuable archaeological remains and environmental evidence related to its construction and to the appearance of the landscape in which it was set. The monument may also retain some evidence of later use, particularly during the Anglo-Saxon period when it may have served as a communal meeting place within the tribal territory or hundred.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow located to the south of Gilden Way on the southern outskirts of Old Harlow. It stands on the edge of a slight plateau overlooking a broad valley to the south west. The barrow mound is circular in plan and domed in profile, measuring approximately 25m in diameter and 1.5m in height. The summit, which is slightly flattened, measures approximately 8m across. The locations of two minor, unrecorded excavations are marked by a narrow depression ascending the southern slope and by a small declivity on the summit. The encircling ditch, from which material would have been quarried for the mound, has long since been infilled and is no longer visible above ground although it will survive as a buried feature. The barrow is reputed to have also served as an Anglo-Saxon moot, or meeting place, and it is possible that it is the `mound' or `hill' (old English `hlaew') after which the town of Harlow may be named.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Reaney, PH, Place names of Essex, (1935), 36
Davison, K, 'Essex Journal' in Ancient Harlow, , Vol. 8, (1973), 28
Priddy, D, 'East Anglian Archaeology' in The Barrows of East Anglia, , Vol. 12, (1981), 4,18
Other
Schedule entries, SM:20665-7(bowl barrows north and north east of Harlow Hospital), (1993)
Schedule entry SM:24858, Cursus south of Gilden Way, Harlow, Essex, (1994)

National Grid Reference: TL 47784 11205

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017474 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 05:51:48.

End of official listing