Bowl barrow 70m south of church of St Michael

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017740

Date first listed: 13-Apr-1955

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Feb-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 70m south of church of St Michael
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Newark and Sherwood (District Authority)

Parish: Laxton and Moorhouse

National Grid Reference: SK7222266999

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 70m south of the church of St Michael is a rare example of this type of monument in Nottinghamshire. The mound, ditch and buried land surface will retain important archaeological and environmental evidence pertaining to the use of the monument and the prehistoric environment in which it stood.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and below ground remains of a bowl barrow situated 70m south of the church of St Michael. The mound is sub-circular in shape, approximately 25m wide and stands to a height of 1m. A large oak tree approximately 1.3m in diameter stands in its centre. Traces of a ditch are visible to the north of the mound and although the surface evidence for this is slight the height and type of vegetation in this area suggests a ditch survives beneath the surface. The ditch is evident from the surface as a slight depression 0.3m deep and approximately 2m wide. It is likely that gradual slumping of the mound down slope has obscured the ditch to the south. No recorded excavation of the barrow has been carried out so it cannot be precisely dated but its position and form are analogous with other examples known to be of Bronze Age date.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29911

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Oswald, A, 'Transactions of the Thoroton Society' in Some Unrecorded Earthworks In Nottinghamshire, , Vol. 43, (1939), 10-11

End of official listing