Bowl barrow 640m south west of Coombe Cottages

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017891

Date first listed: 10-Jun-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 640m south west of Coombe Cottages
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Hambledon

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 65849 20036

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 640m south west of Coombe Cottages survives well despite some disturbance by ploughing and is likely to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to its use as a burial monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. It is one of the few surviving examples of a previously large number of round barrows on Teglease Down, emphasising the importance of the Down as an area of Bronze Age ritual activity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow with an outer bank constructed on the steep north west-facing flank of a chalk spur which projects to the north from Teglease Down. The roughly circular barrow includes a squat, flat topped mound, up to 15m in diameter and 0.75m high, surrounded by a 2m wide ditch and an outer bank, about 6m wide and 0.5m high. The central mound increases in height down the slope but the outer bank diminishes significantly. The mound and outer bank have been reduced and the ditch slightly infilled by ploughing while the outer bank has been disturbed by a fence and ploughing to the south east. The modern fence which crosses the south eastern edge of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31155

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Schadla-Hall, R T, Winchester District, the Archaeological Potential, (1977), 100

End of official listing