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Bowl barrow 640m south west of Coombe Cottages

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 640m south west of Coombe Cottages

List entry Number: 1017891

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hambledon

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jun-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31155

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 640m south west of Coombe Cottages survives well despite some disturbance by ploughing and is likely to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to its use as a burial monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. It is one of the few surviving examples of a previously large number of round barrows on Teglease Down, emphasising the importance of the Down as an area of Bronze Age ritual activity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow with an outer bank constructed on the steep north west-facing flank of a chalk spur which projects to the north from Teglease Down. The roughly circular barrow includes a squat, flat topped mound, up to 15m in diameter and 0.75m high, surrounded by a 2m wide ditch and an outer bank, about 6m wide and 0.5m high. The central mound increases in height down the slope but the outer bank diminishes significantly. The mound and outer bank have been reduced and the ditch slightly infilled by ploughing while the outer bank has been disturbed by a fence and ploughing to the south east. The modern fence which crosses the south eastern edge of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Schadla-Hall, R T, Winchester District, the Archaeological Potential, (1977), 100

National Grid Reference: SU 65849 20036

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017891 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 01:08:56.

End of official listing