Mill Hill bowl barrow, 650m north east of Caldecott Hall

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1017917
Date first listed:
30-Apr-1957
Date of most recent amendment:
12-Mar-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Mill Hill bowl barrow, 650m north east of Caldecott Hall
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Norfolk
District:
Great Yarmouth (District Authority)
Parish:
Belton with Browston
National Grid Reference:
TG 47806 01880

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Mill Hill barrow survives well, and the monument will retain archaeological information concerning the construction of the barrow and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for earlier land use and for the local environment in the past is also likely to be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound. The subsequent use of the mound to support a post mill, as indicated by the name, gives the monument additional interest.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which crowns a natural knoll on a spur of former heathland above Belton marshes and the estuary of the River Waveney, which lies some 1.5km to the west. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound, slightly irregular in profile, covering a sub-circular area with a maximum diameter of approximately 20m, and standing to a height of up to 1.5m. It is thought that the mound is encircled by a ditch up to 4m in diameter, from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the barrow, and although this ditch has become completely infilled, it will survive as a buried feature. The mound and ditch together have, therefore, an estimated diameter of 28m. The name of the barrow is evidence that a post mill was constructed on the mound during the medieval period or later, and the slight irregularity in the profile and plan of the mound may be the result of this reuse.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
30528
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Suffolk: Volume I, (1907), 300
Lawson, A J, Martin, A E, Priddy, D, 'East Anglian Archaeol' in The Barrows of East Anglia, , Vol. 12, (1981), M A9
Other
AM 7, Mill Hill Barrow,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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