Bowl barrow on Galford Down, 200m south west of Westdown Pool

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017967

Date first listed: 19-Jul-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Apr-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Galford Down, 200m south west of Westdown Pool
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Lewtrenchard

National Grid Reference: SX 47935 85804

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Galford Down survives comparatively well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The prominent position of this barrow suggests that it may have also been a significant landmark in prehistoric and later periods.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the summit of a high hill with extensive surrounding views overlooking the valleys of the River Lyd to the south and a major tributary to the north. The barrow survives as a 21.3m diameter mound standing up to 0.6m high. There is a surrounding outer ditch which measures 2.7m wide and up to 0.2m deep, although this survives mainly as a buried feature. Several larger stones may be seen protruding from the mound which may indicate the presence of a partially exposed kerb, and the whole surface is uneven.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30329

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX48NE4, (1981)

End of official listing