Cross dyke on Hindhead golf course


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018020

Date first listed: 08-Jun-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Dec-1997


Ordnance survey map of Cross dyke on Hindhead golf course
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This copy shows the entry on 09-Dec-2018 at 20:21:09.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Waverley (District Authority)

Parish: Haslemere

National Grid Reference: SU 86335 37311


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

Although it has suffered from some subsequent disturbance, the cross dyke on Hindhead golf course survives well and will retain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its original construction and use.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a roughly east-west aligned cross dyke constructed across a sandstone spur situated around 1.5km to the north west of Hindhead. The 150m long dyke has a ditch around 5m wide and 0.75m deep, flanked to the south by a bank up to 7m wide and 1m high. The ends of the earthwork are formed by well defined, rounded terminals. A short section of the earthwork towards the centre of the monument has been levelled by a track which runs along the spur, and the ditch will survive here as an infilled, buried feature. The modern surface of the track which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29298

Legacy System: RSM


RCHME, NMR Coversearch: various APs dating from 1945 to 1978,

End of official listing