Two bowl barrows on Gambra Hill, 590m and 770m north of Downs Barn


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018164

Date first listed: 13-Jan-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Apr-1998


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows on Gambra Hill, 590m and 770m north of Downs Barn
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018164 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2018 at 06:33:31.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Bibury

National Grid Reference: SP 10280 10134, SP 10336 09950


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite erosion due to cultivation, both barrows on Gambra Hill will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows on Gambra Hill. The most northerly barrow lies on the crest of the hill and has a mound 21m in diameter and 0.75m high. The second barrow lies just below the crest, on a gentle south facing slope and has a mound 20m in diameter and 0.8m high. Although no longer visible on the surface, a ditch will surround each of the mounds and will survive as a buried feature 2m wide. The hill on which the barrows stand is called Rambury Hill on a tithe map of 1840 and it may be that one or the other of these barrows is that referred to in a Saxon charter of about 718-745 AD as Rawan Berh, possibly a mis-spelling of Rammbeorh or Ram's Barrow.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29787

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing