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Two bowl barrows on Gambra Hill, 590m and 770m north of Downs Barn

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows on Gambra Hill, 590m and 770m north of Downs Barn

List entry Number: 1018164

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bibury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Jan-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Apr-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29787

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite erosion due to cultivation, both barrows on Gambra Hill will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows on Gambra Hill. The most northerly barrow lies on the crest of the hill and has a mound 21m in diameter and 0.75m high. The second barrow lies just below the crest, on a gentle south facing slope and has a mound 20m in diameter and 0.8m high. Although no longer visible on the surface, a ditch will surround each of the mounds and will survive as a buried feature 2m wide. The hill on which the barrows stand is called Rambury Hill on a tithe map of 1840 and it may be that one or the other of these barrows is that referred to in a Saxon charter of about 718-745 AD as Rawan Berh, possibly a mis-spelling of Rammbeorh or Ram's Barrow.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SP 10280 10134, SP 10336 09950

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018164 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:09:13.

End of official listing