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Cloven Barrow, immediately south of Cedars Recreation Ground, Sunbury

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cloven Barrow, immediately south of Cedars Recreation Ground, Sunbury

List entry Number: 1018276

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Spelthorne

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Jan-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31384

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some subsequent disturbance, Cloven Barrow survives well and provides a good, rare example of a bowl barrow constructed on low-lying ground. It is also particularly well documented, with its mention in a land grant providing evidence for the recognition of the monument in the early medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric bowl barrow, known as Cloven Barrow, situated on low-lying ground formerly part of the flood plain of the River Thames, now around 1km to the south. The barrow has a circular mound approximately 14m in diameter and 2.5m high, surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. The ditch has become infilled over the years, and will survive as a buried feature up to 2m wide. The monument has been partly disturbed by modern gardening activities, and by the construction of a greenhouse on its western side. Cloven Barrow (Old English Clofenan Beorh, or the barrow with a cleft) was mentioned in an Anglo-Saxon document, known as the Sunbury Charter, which has been dated to around AD 962. A number of features are excluded from the scheduling; these are the modern garden boundary, steps, paving, garden furniture and ornaments, greenhouse and shed, although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Tapp, W H, Draper, F W M, 'Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society' in The Saxon Charter of Sunbury on Thames, , Vol. 10, (1951), 302-306

National Grid Reference: TQ 10043 69120

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018276 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 03:29:22.

End of official listing