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Medieval settlement 400m south west of Crew's Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval settlement 400m south west of Crew's Farm

List entry Number: 1018416

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Dauntsey

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 31-Dec-1987

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Apr-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28986

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have gradually evolved during the last 1500 years or more. The Upper Avon and Thames local region has mixed characteristics, with elements of both `village' and `woodland' landscapes. It is distinguished by substantial densities of villages and hamlets associated with moderate numbers of scattered farmsteads, giving a rather dense overall pattern, but the region still carried woodland in 1086, and the Braden and Chippenham Forests reflect this.

The medieval settlement 250m south west of Crew's Farm is well preserved and is a good example of its type. It will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the settlement while the ridge and furrow will provide insights into the agricultural practice of its inhabitants.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a medieval settlement and traces of contemporary farming, located 250m south west of Crew's Farm. The monument is located in a wide clay vale 500m south of a steep sided clay ridge on which the village of Brinkworth is built. The medieval settlement comprises a group of regular house platforms situated on a slight rise in ground level. They are up to 1m high and cover an area measuring 100m north-south and 80m east-west, surrounded by a ditch up to 1m deep and 2m wide. A substantial hollow way up to 1.5m deep flanks the northern edge of the settlement and runs east west for a length of 200m to the north of the platforms. Traces of medieval cultivation in the form of ridge and furrow is visible in the fields to the east and west of the settlement. The best preserved areas of the ridge and furrow have been included in the scheduling. All cattle troughs and fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 00781 83274

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018416 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 07:14:16.

End of official listing