Cross dyke 520m north east of Cherhill Monument

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018421

Date first listed: 15-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cross dyke 520m north east of Cherhill Monument
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018421 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2018 at 23:04:22.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Cherhill

National Grid Reference: SU 05138 69673

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

The cross dyke 520m north east of Cherhill Monument survives well and is a good example of its type. It will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built. This is one of a series of linear earthworks recorded on the downs west of Avebury.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a length of linear boundary earthwork located north east of Oldbury Camp hillfort, on Cherhill Hill, on the north western edge of the Marlborough Downs. The boundary earthwork, which survives for a length of 81m running ENE down an east facing slope, includes a ditch up to 1m deep, either side of which is a bank up to 0.5m high. The entire structure is 15m wide and is interpreted as a Bronze Age cross dyke. Other linear boundaries and associated monuments in the vicinity are the subject of separate schedulings. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31651

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing