Bowl barrow 80m north west of Windmilland Cross


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018525

Date first listed: 19-Mar-1999


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 80m north west of Windmilland Cross
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Oct-2018 at 13:07:52.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

Parish: Black Torrington

National Grid Reference: SS 46749 03976


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in its height due to cultivation, the bowl barrow 80m north west of Windmilland Cross survives comparatively well in a prominent ridge top location. Archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed survives in and under this mound.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a high ridge beside a crossroads known as Windmilland Cross. The monument survives as a circular flat topped mound which measures 17.4m in diameter and up to 0.7m high. The surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived, is preserved as a buried feature. There is a strong possibility that this barrow was reused as the base for a later windmill, which in turn gave its name to the nearby crossroads.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32197

Legacy System: RSM


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS40SE8, (1982)

End of official listing