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Two bowl barrows and a pair of confluent barrows 270m north east of Churn Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows and a pair of confluent barrows 270m north east of Churn Farm

List entry Number: 1018714

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: Vale of White Horse

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Blewbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Oct-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Feb-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28187

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows and pair of confluent barrows 270m north east of Churn Farm form the largest surviving visible group of round barrows within the landscape originally occupied by the larger cemetery on Blewbury Down. They are known to survive well, and part excavation in the last century has confirmed that they will contain archaeological evidence relating to their construction and the landscape in which they were built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two Bronze Age bowl barrows and a pair of confluent round barrows aligned roughly east to west and located 270m north east of Churn Farm. They are situated on a hill crest overlooking a valley to the south east within which lie a further two bell barrows, the subject of separate schedulings. The barrows form part of a large dispersed round barrow cemetery which originally consisted of at least 15 individual barrows. The barrow mounds to the east and west of the confluent pair both survive as upstanding stone and earth mounds measuring approximately 25m and 33m in diameter respectively and standing up to 1.6m high. The mounds were originally surrounded by quarry ditches from which material was obtained for their construction. These have become infilled over the years but are known from excavation and aerial photographs to survive as buried features approximately 3m wide. The pair of confluent mounds forming the middle of the group are no longer separate adjoining earthworks but form a single irregular mound measuring 34m east-west by 27m north-south and standing up to 1.8m high. The two separate mound summits and the `ghost' outlines of the individual mounds can be seen however, in the contours of the surviving earthwork. Part excavation carried out in 1848 produced a number of burnt bone fragments in the vicinity of the barrows.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
PRN 9209, C.A.O., Three barrows, (1994)

National Grid Reference: SU 51565 83727

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 04:31:18.

End of official listing