Bowl barrow 310m south east of Lower Chance Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018717

Date first listed: 26-Oct-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 310m south east of Lower Chance Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 23:00:10.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: Vale of White Horse (District Authority)

Parish: Blewbury

National Grid Reference: SU 52331 82582


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 310m south east of Lower Chance Farm is part of the larger cemetery on Blewbury Down. It survives well and will contain archaeological evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which the cemetery was built.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow 310m south east of Lower Chance Farm on Blewbury Down. The barrow forms part of a large dispersed round barrow cemetery which is believed to have originally included 15 or more individual barrows, many of which are scheduled separately. The barrow mound survives as an earth mound measuring 24m in diameter and standing up to 1.6m high. The mound is believed to be surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but based on similar sized barrows in the region is expected to measure approximately 3m wide and survive as a buried feature. In 1846 this barrow was reported to be one of three in this location, although the two barrows associated appear to have been excavated and contained an unfired clay urn, filled with bone fragments and a bone pin. The exact location of the other two barrows is no longer known, and they do not appear on aerial photographs suggesting that their sites were either destroyed or buried by the later construction of the rifle butts and more recent gallops on this part of the downs.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28190

Legacy System: RSM


PRN 9658, C.A.O., BOWL BARROW, (1994)

End of official listing