Yew Down round barrow 950m south west of Butterbush Reservoir

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1018719
Date first listed:
26-Oct-1970
Date of most recent amendment:
02-Dec-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Yew Down round barrow 950m south west of Butterbush Reservoir
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Oxfordshire
District:
Vale of White Horse (District Authority)
Parish:
Lockinge
National Grid Reference:
SU 42075 84266

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Yew Down bowl barrow survives despite having been partly levelled by cultivation and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated 950m south west of Butterbush Reservoir approximately 110m south of a linear earthwork known as `Grim's Ditch' (the subject of separate scheduling) on Yew Down. The barrow mound survives, despite partial reduction by cultivation, as an upstanding earthwork measuring approximately 17m in diameter and standing up to 0.5m high. Originally, the mound was surrounded by an open quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and now lies buried below the modern ground level but is believed to be approximately 2.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
28194
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series Source Date: 1980 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SU 48 SW

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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