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Two round barrows on the summit of Haw Rigg, 370m south east of Job Cross

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two round barrows on the summit of Haw Rigg, 370m south east of Job Cross

List entry Number: 1018743

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Danby

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Nov-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30166

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrows on Haw Rigg are important landscape features, being sited on the skyline, and they are also relatively well preserved. The survival of excavation records by Canon Atkinson of an associated round barrow adds to their importance. Excavation of other round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also occasionally been found.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a pair of prehistoric burial mounds located on the summit of Haw Rigg. A third barrow, 210m down the ridge to the south east, is the subject of a separate scheduling. One of four barrows on Haw Rigg is recorded as being extensively excavated by Canon John Atkinson in 1861 or 1862. It was described as being somewhat less than 55 yards in diameter (thus a maximum of 16m in diameter) and at least seven feet high (over 2m). It was constructed as a cairn of stones nine feet high built over a `card-house' of flat slabs built in a hole twelve feet (3.65m) in diameter. Over this internal cairn was piled stony earth containing four small cists, boxes formed with stone slabs, containing cremated bone and charcoal. On the south side of the barrow, near to the upper surface, was a pottery urn, also filled with cremated bone and charcoal, with fragments of a second urn found elsewhere within the mound. The northernmost of the pair of round barrows is an 18m diameter flat topped mound standing 1.3m high. The top of the mound is 9m in diameter and on its northern side has a 1.5m wide, 5m long, 0.6m deep east-west excavation trench. The barrow is otherwise very well preserved. The second barrow is centred 25m to the south of the first. This is slightly smaller, 14m in diameter, 0.6m high on its north western margin, rising to 1.2m on its eastern side. The top of the barrow is dished so that its centre is 0.5m above the ground surface surrounding the barrow. Neither of these are considered to be the barrow excavated by Canon Atkinson, although they are expected to share some constructional features. Early Ordnance Survey maps mark a closely spaced pair of small mounds 200m to the south east, 50m to the ENE of the third surviving barrow on Haw Rigg. These are recorded to have disappeared by 1962 and are considered to have been the remains of the barrow excavated by Canon Atkinson. They are not included in the scheduling. Excavation of other barrows has shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of barrows frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 62
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 62

National Grid Reference: NZ 68900 10872

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 12:36:34.

End of official listing