Three round barrows on Waupley Moor, 775m south west of Clay Hall Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018799

Date first listed: 28-Jun-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Mar-1999


Ordnance survey map of Three round barrows on Waupley Moor, 775m south west of Clay Hall Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Redcar and Cleveland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Loftus


National Grid Reference: NZ 72838 11877


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance to the south eastern barrow the three barrows 775m south west of Clay Hall Farm survive well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound. Unlike many barrows in this area the other two within this group have not been excavated and survive in a good state of preservation. The archaeological deposits survive intact and evidence for the date and original form of the barrows and the burials placed within them will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use will survive beneath the barrow mounds and within the ditches. Together with other barrows in the area, they are thought to represent a territorial marker. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the west and central areas of the North York Moors, providing important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of land division for social and ritual purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes three adjacent round barrows situated on a slight ridge. The barrows are aligned south east to north west, with the barrow to the south east offset by 20m to the south west. This most south easterly barrow is the most prominent and has an earth and stone mound standing 1.5m high. It is round in shape and 18m in diameter. In the centre of the mound there is a hollow caused by the partial excavation of the barrow in 1863 by J C Atkinson, which uncovered a cist burial. This was found to consist of eight stone slabs in a hexagonal arrangment, set within a platform of large stones and containing pieces of a cremation urn. The other two barrows lie on slightly lower ground to the north west. Both have a well defined flat-topped earthen mound and each was originally surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork. The south eastern barrow stands 0.6m high and is 17m in diameter. The north western barrow stands 0.4m high and is 20m in diameter. Both the barrows are intact. The barrows lie in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including further barrows, field systems and clearance cairns.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31993

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Crawford, G M, Bronze Age Burial Mounds in Cleveland, (1980)
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
C 7211/3,

End of official listing