This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Icehouse 75m north west of Sutton Hall

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Icehouse 75m north west of Sutton Hall

List entry Number: 1018854

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Sutton-on-the-Forest

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Mar-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31351

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Icehouses are subterranean structures designed specifically to store ice, usually removed in winter from ponds and used in the summer for preserving food and cooling drinks. Thousands of icehouses have been built in England since the early 17th century. These were initially built only by the upper level of society, but by the end of the 18th century they were commonplace. They continued to be built throughout the 19th century, when huge examples were established by the fishing industry, as well as for use in towns. Icehouses only became obsolete after the introduction of domestic refrigerators in the early 20th century. Of the thousands originally built, some 1500 icehouses have been positively identified through a combination of archaeological and documentary research. Although a relatively common class, most recorded examples with surviving remains will be considered to be of national interest and appropriate for consideration for either scheduling or listing. They are also generally regarded as a significant component of local distinctiveness and character.

The icehouse at Sutton Park survives well and is an important example of the early use of cavity walls in the construction of icehouses. The icehouse still retains its position within a small 18th century landscaped garden, where it remains a significant ornamental feature.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an icehouse in the grounds of Sutton Park. It is located in landscaped gardens 60m north west of Sutton Park House, and includes a brick structure as well as the artificial mound into which the icehouse is built. Sutton Park is an emparked high status residence dating to 1730 and the icehouse is thought to have been constructed around this date. The icehouse, which is Listed Grade II, is a conical brick structure, the lower part being sunk 5.5m into the ground. The upper section is partly covered by an artificial mound, leaving the domed roof of the chamber standing 1.80m above the ground. The ice chamber is approached by an above ground dog- legged passage which has a stone slab roof. The passage is 4.5m long and has an entrance door and a second door midway along its length. Access into the ice chamber is via a small doorway raised 0.8m above the floor of the passage. The maximum diameter of the chamber is 4.2m, tapering to 3m at the base. In the floor of the chamber is a drain which leads to a pond in the former kitchen garden 40m to the west. In the roof of the chamber is an iron hook which was used for loading the ice, probably with the aid of a pulley system. The ice chamber has a double brick skin forming a cavity wall, which is an unusual technique in an icehouse of this date. There is a small window in the outer skin of the dome on the north side. It has been suggested that the dome was originally covered with earth. This, however, would have resulted in a very large mound out of place in a formal garden context. It is more likely that the dome was constructed in part as a garden feature and that the cavity wall method was adopted in order to provide the insulation normally achieved through covering with soil. Further insulation was provided by the location of the structure in a sheltered location. The wall to the kitchen garden, which is Listed Grade II and forms the west wall of the passage, is not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
OAU, Ice house Step Report, (1998)
Sutton Park- The Ice House,

National Grid Reference: SE 58246 64608

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018854 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 12:24:22.

End of official listing