Bowl barrow on Ibsley Common, 210m north east of Mockbeggar Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019112

Date first listed: 06-Oct-2000


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Ibsley Common, 210m north east of Mockbeggar Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Ellingham, Harbridge and Ibsley

National Park: NEW FOREST

National Grid Reference: SU 16474 09588


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Ibsley Common, 210m north east of Mockbeggar Farm, survives well despite some later disturbance and can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. It forms part of a widely spaced group of at least 16 round barrows situated on Ibsley Common. Partial excavation of a sample of these barrows by Heywood Sumner has indicated that many contain the remains of human cremation burials and associated Bronze Age cinerary urns.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow of late Neolithic or Bronze Age date, situated on a west facing spur projecting from Summerlug Hill at the south western margin of a high gravel plateau which forms Ibsley Common. The barrow is located on slightly sloping ground where the spur narrows to a brow above the settlement of Mockbeggar. At least 16 additional round barrows are widely spaced across the common, all of which are similarly situated around the edges of the plateau or on subsidiary spurs. The monument includes a slightly oval shaped mound, 9m by 8m in diameter, raised 0.1m on the upslope, north eastern side and up to 0.45m on the downslope, south western side. On the ground surface there is no trace of a surrounding ditch as this has become infilled over time. However, a ditch can be expected to survive as a buried feature. The mound has a hollowed centre, indicating past excavation or possible disturbance caused by the later use of the spur for World War II defensive trenches. Several slit trenches and rifle butts extend across the spur 15m to the north east. Many of the barrows located elsewhere on the common were excavated by Heywood Sumner during the 1920s. His excavations indicated that most are surrounded by a shallow ditch from which material for the construction of the mound would have been obtained. Sumner's excavations also indicated that many of the barrows contain the remains of human cremation burials. The remains of at least five Bronze Age cinerary urns he recovered from the barrows on Ibsley Common are now held at the Salisbury Museum.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32550

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing