Bowl barrow 620m north east of Warhill Cottage


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019116

Date first listed: 06-Oct-2000


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 620m north east of Warhill Cottage
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: East Hampshire (District Authority)

Parish: East Meon

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 68295 25644


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 620m north east of Warhill Cottage survives well despite being spread by modern ploughing, and can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Its close spatial association with the sites of four additional bowl barrows situated to the north west indicates it may have formed a component of a larger round barrow cemetery. Such cemeteries typically contain between 5 and 30 individual barrows and are known to have been constructed throughout the Bronze Age period, between 2000 and 700 BC.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow of late Neolithic or Bronze Age date situated on an apron of relatively flat, low lying ground between the A272 and the base of War Hill. It may form part of a more extensive round barrow cemetery arranged around the toe of the hill, of which at least four additional barrows survive. Although occupying an apparently inconspicuous location, the monument would have been prominently visible from across the valley to the north east where a coaxial field system, probably dating to the same period, has been identified from aerial photographs. The barrow has been considerably lowered and spread by modern ploughing, but survives as a slight circular mound, visible in freshly ploughed soil as a compacted area of flint and chalk rubble, 24m in diameter and raised approximately 0.1m. Although the mound has been significantly damaged, the underlying primary burial and a surrounding quarry ditch, from which material for the mound's construction would have been obtained, are both likely to survive as buried features.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32558

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing