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Round barrow cemetery 210m south west of Hillcrest, Centery Lane

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow cemetery 210m south west of Hillcrest, Centery Lane

List entry Number: 1019252

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bittadon

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Nov-1954

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Sep-2000

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34252

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in height through cultivation, the barrows which form the round barrow cemetery 210m south west of Hillcrest, Centery Lane, survive well and indicate the variety of sizes which should be expected within a monument of this type. The barrows form a discrete cluster with a possible outlier to the north, which is the subject of a separate scheduling.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument, which falls into four separate areas of protection, includes a round barrow cemetery consisting of nine individual barrows, situated on an upland ridge overlooking the valleys of the Colam Stream and the River Caen. The nine barrows survive as circular mounds which vary in diameter from 15.2m up to 27.4m, and in height from 0.4m up to 1.2m. In all cases the surrounding quarry ditches, from which material to construct each mound was derived, survive as buried features measuring approximately 3m wide. The south eastern mound has been cut by a field entrance on its north east side and by the roadside hedge on its north west side and is essentially part of a field boundary.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW10, (1986)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW11, (1986)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW12, (1986)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW18, (1986)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW6, (1986)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW7, (1986)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW8, (1986)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW9, (1986)

National Grid Reference: SS 54191 42675, SS 54290 42817, SS 54314 42638, SS 54383 42721

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019252 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 09:23:47.

End of official listing