Two conjoined bowl barrows 190m south of Rews Cross

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019256

Date first listed: 03-Dec-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Sep-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two conjoined bowl barrows 190m south of Rews Cross
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon (District Authority)

Parish: North Molton

National Grid Reference: SS 72824 31801

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in their heights through cultivation, the two conjoined bowl barrows 190m south of Rews Cross survive comparatively well and are known from finds recorded previously to contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the mounds and their surrounding landscape. They form part of a dispersed group of barrows.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes two conjoined bowl barrows situated on a prominent hill known as Bampfylde Hill overlooking the valley of the River Mole. They form part of a dispersed group of barrows recorded in this area. The south eastern barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 19.8m in diameter and 0.6m high. The surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived is preserved as a buried feature measuring approximately 3m wide. This barrow is conjoined by its mound and probably also its ditch to a second barrow lying immediately to the north west, which measures 15.4m in diameter and 0.4m high. The outer ditch to this second barrow is also preserved as a buried feature, measuring approximately 3m wide. The south eastern barrow was subject to ploughing in 1889, when a cist, cremation burial, flint implements and a necklace of Faience beads were discovered.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34245

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS73SW10, (1988)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS73SW17, (1972)

End of official listing