Round barrow on Sproxton Moor, 410m north of Tom Smith's Cross

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019336

Date first listed: 24-May-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Oct-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Sproxton Moor, 410m north of Tom Smith's Cross
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019336 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 09-Dec-2018 at 19:08:34.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Old Byland and Scawton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 56996 81494

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The majority of round barrows in the region were dug into by 19th century antiquarians in search of burials and artifacts, leaving behind a central depression as evidence of their work. However excavations in the latter half of the 20th century have shown that round barrows typically contain archaeological information that survives earlier digging. Secondary burials tend to be located within the main body of the mound and sometimes one of these was mistaken for the primary burial which was usually the goal of the antiquarian. Even when the primary burial has been excavated, further secondary burials often survive in the undisturbed surrounding part of the mound and infilled ditch. Additional valuable information about the mound's construction and the local environment at the time of its construction will also survive antiquarian excavation. The round barrow on Sproxton Moor, 410m north of Tom Smith's Cross, is one is one of an extensive group of relatively well preserved round barrows on Scawton and Sproxton Moors which together will retain important information about Bronze Age society in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes earthwork and associated buried remains of a prehistoric burial mound located at the southern, uphill end of Sword Rigg, overlooking the Rye Dale to the north. The monument is one of a group of round barrows scattered for 3.5km along the north side of the watershed to the south of Rye Dale. The other surviving round barrows of this group are the subject of separate schedulings. With the removal of intervening trees, the monument would probably have been intervisible with the barrow 850m to the north as well as the three barrows on Far Moor 1.4km to the north east. The monument is sited on effectively level ground which only rises a few more metres to form the top of the watershed which lies 200m-300m to the south. From a surface inspection the round barrow appears to be mainly of earthen construction with some small stones no more than cobble sized. It forms a 1.2m high, well-rounded mound 8m in diameter. There is evidence that a 1m wide trench has been dug from the north side to the centre where there is a central hollow 1m in diameter at the top and 0.6m in diameter at the base 0.8m down. This depression is thought to be the result of an unrecorded antiquarian excavation. Excavation of other examples of round barrows in the region have shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of the mound frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits. A margin to allow for such an infilled ditch up to 2m wide is thus also included within the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32683

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing