Round barrow on Scawton Moor, 390m north east of High Lodge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019351

Date first listed: 24-May-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Oct-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Scawton Moor, 390m north east of High Lodge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Old Byland and Scawton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 56074 82133

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow on Scawton Moor, 390m north east of High Lodge, is one of the best preserved of an extensive group of round barrows on Scawton Moor which together will retain important information about Bronze Age society in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes earthwork and associated buried remains of a prehistoric burial mound located at the southern, uphill end of Claythwaite Rigg, overlooking the confluence of Nettle Dale and Rye Dale to the north. The monument is one of a group of round barrows scattered for 3.5km along the north side of the watershed to the south of Rye Dale. The other surviving round barrows of this group are the subject of separate schedulings. The barrow is intervisible with a second on Claythwaite Rigg 140m NNW and, without intervening trees, with a barrow 550m to the north west. It is also intervisible with a barrow 490m to the ESE. The monument is a 25m diameter mound which is sited on a slight natural rise so that it is 1.5m high on the south east side and 0.5m high on the north west side. Excavation of other examples of round barrows in the region have shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of the mound frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits. A margin to allow for such an infilled ditch up to 2m wide is thus also included within the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32681

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing