Standing cross at the junction of School Road and Astwood Lane


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019497

Date first listed: 05-Jan-2001


Ordnance survey map of Standing cross at the junction of School Road and Astwood Lane
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019497 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2018 at 20:10:20.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Wychavon (District Authority)

Parish: Hanbury

National Grid Reference: SO 95448 64160


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A standing cross is a free standing upright structure, usually of stone, mostly erected during the medieval period (mid 10th to mid 16th centuries AD). Standing crosses served a variety of functions. In churchyards they served as stations for outdoor processions, particularly in the observance of Palm Sunday. Elsewhere, standing crosses were used within settlements as places for preaching, public proclamation and penance, as well as defining rights of sanctuary. Standing crosses were also employed to mark boundaries between parishes, property, or settlements. A few crosses were erected to commemorate battles. Some crosses were linked to particular saints, whose support and protection their presence would have helped to invoke. Crosses in market places may have helped to validate transactions. After the Reformation, some crosses continued in use as foci for municipal or borough ceremonies, for example as places for official proclamations and announcements; some were the scenes of games or recreational activity. Standing crosses were distributed throughout England and are thought to have numbered in excess of 12,000. However, their survival since the Reformation has been variable, being much affected by local conditions, attitudes and religious sentiment. In particular, many cross-heads were destroyed by iconoclasts during the 16th and 17th centuries. Less than 2,000 medieval standing crosses, with or without cross-heads, are now thought to exist. The oldest and most basic form of standing cross is the monolith, a stone shaft often set directly in the ground without a base. The most common form is the stepped cross, in which the shaft is set in a socket stone and raised upon a flight of steps; this type of cross remained current from the 11th to 12th centuries until after the Reformation. Where the cross-head survives it may take a variety of forms, from a lantern-like structure to a crucifix; the more elaborate examples date from the 15th century. Much less common than stepped crosses are spire-shaped crosses, often composed of three or four receding stages with elaborate architectural decoration and/or sculptured figures; the most famous of these include the Eleanor crosses, erected by Edward I at the stopping places of the funeral cortege of his wife, who died in 1290. Also uncommon are the preaching crosses which were built in public places from the 13th century, typically in the cemeteries of religious communities and cathedrals, market places and wide thoroughfares; they include a stepped base, buttresses supporting a vaulted canopy, in turn carrying either a shaft and head or a pinnacled spire. Standing crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval customs, both secular and religious, and to our knowledge of medieval parishes and settlement patterns. All crosses which survive as standing monuments, especially those which stand in or near their original location, are considered worthy of protection.

The standing cross at the junction of School Road and Astwood Lane survives well in or near its original position. The survival of the cross illustrates its continuing importance as a landscape feature, in addition to providing evidence for the importance of standing crosses as boundary markers for forests and other forms of landholding. The mound will be expected to preserve evidence for the foundations, construction details and original appearance and setting of the cross.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the standing and buried remains of the standing cross at the junction of School Road and Astwood Lane, approximately 230m south of Hanbury Church, standing on a prominent hill. The cross is believed to have marked the entrance for a route through Feckenham Forest, and is Listed Grade II. The visible remains of the standing cross consist of a socket stone and a shaft. These remains stand in the centre of a large grass covered mound measuring approximately 12m long by 9m wide, and 4.5m high. The mound occupies the triangular island which exists at the junction, surrounded on all three sides by the highway. This mound appears to include a large amount of river washed cobbles in its construction. A small metal information plaque is located on top of the mound to the south west of the cross. The mound is steeper and higher on the southern, downhill side. The socket stone, which is octagonal and measures approximately 1m wide by approximately 0.5m high, has unintelligible inscribed graffiti around the outer edge of its top surface. This graffiti is believed to be medieval. The shaft, which is mounted in a square socket, measures approximately 0.25m by 0.25m by 0.8m high. There is no evidence of decoration on the shaft, which is considerably weather worn. The modern information plaque is not included in the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31975

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing