Bowl barrow 380m south west of Upcott Cross

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019546

Date first listed: 09-Feb-2001

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Sep-2014

Location Description: The bowl barrow is centred on grid reference SX3877790082, 380m south west of Upcott Cross, Broadwoodwidger, Torridge, Devon.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 380m south west of Upcott Cross
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Location

Location Description: The bowl barrow is centred on grid reference SX3877790082, 380m south west of Upcott Cross, Broadwoodwidger, Torridge, Devon.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

Parish: Broadwoodwidger

National Grid Reference: SX3877790082

Summary

This monument includes a bowl barrow and the associated buried ditch, situated on a prominent upland ridge marking the watershed between the Rivers Carey and Wolf, with clear views to both Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor.

Reasons for Designation

The bowl barrow 380m to the south-west of Upcott Cross is scheduled for the following principal reasons:

* Survival: despite the damage caused by ploughing, this bowl barrow survives comparatively well as an earthwork and buried archaeological feature; * Group value: it has group value with the two other round barrows that survive in the vicinity of Upcott Cross which form a small, loosely spaced barrow cemetery; * Potential: archaeological investigation of similar structures has confirmed barrows contribute to our understanding of the social organisation and burial practices of the country's Bronze Age population.

History

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities.

The bowl barrow 380m south west of Upcott Cross, despite reduction in its height through cultivation, still survives as a visible mound and will contain archaeological information relating to its construction and use, as well as evidence for the local environment in the prehistoric period. The barrow is at present (2014), under plough.

Details

PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS: this monument includes a bowl barrow and the associated buried ditch, situated on a prominent upland ridge marking the watershed between the Rivers Carey and Wolf, with clear views to both Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor. DESCRIPTION: the monument survives as a circular mound measuring circa 20m wide in diameter and 0.5m high, with evidence of disturbance. The barrow would have originally been enclosed by a ditch, similar to those of the nearby bowl barrows to the north, from which material to construct the mound was derived. This has been in-filled over time but will survive as a buried feature. The ditches related to the other bowl barrows located near to this example have ditches with a width of 3m and it is reasonable to assume that the ditch of this barrow is also circa 3m wide.

EXTENT OF SCHEDULING: the scheduled area includes the barrow mound, circa 20m in diameter, and its buried outer ditch, circa 3m wide, as well as a 3m wide margin to ensure the protection of the monument. Therefore, the scheduled area measures circa 32m in diameter.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34264

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX39SE6, (1986)
Gent, T and Manning, P, ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HERITAGE ASSESSMENT OF THE SITE OF A PROPOSED WIND TURBINE , May 2014,
HER Number: MDV2770 , Barrow south of Upcott Cross, Broadwoodwidger , Devon County Historic Environment Record
,
HER Number:MDV78978 Barrow 380 metres south of Upcott Cross, Devon County Historic Environment Record,

End of official listing