Round barrow on Reasty Hill Top, 550m WSW of Breckenhurst

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019561

Date first listed: 24-Nov-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Reasty Hill Top, 550m WSW of Breckenhurst
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Hackness

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 95347 94698

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow on Reasty Hill Top, 550m WSW of Breckenhurst has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound. This barrow is one of five which were originally distributed along the top of northern scarp edge of the Hackness Hills. Such clusters provide important insight into the development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position at the top of the northern scarp edge of the Hackness Hills. The barrow has an earth and stone mound which stands up to 0.8m high and measures up to 8m in diameter. The centre of the mound has been hollowed out by partial excavation in the past and there is an old excavation trench which extends to the south from the centre. The southern edge of the mound has been partly levelled during the construction of the surfaced trackway which runs past the barrow. Abutting each side of the mound to the east and west, and post-dating it, there are boundary banks which run parallel to the track. The barrow was originally one of five distributed along the top of the scarp slope and lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric burial monuments. The surface of the gravel track which runs east to west past the south side of the barrow is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath the track is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34548

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Title: Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors Archaeological Survey Source Date: 1992 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Site 3.7

End of official listing