Round cairn 615m SSW of Rudland House


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019598

Date first listed: 31-Dec-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Nov-2000


Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 615m SSW of Rudland House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2018 at 18:16:41.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Bransdale


National Grid Reference: SE 64937 92479


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The majority of round cairns in the region were dug into by 19th century antiquarians in search of burials and artifacts, leaving behind a central depression as evidence of their work. However, excavations in the latter half of the 20th century have shown that round cairns typically contain archaeological information that survives earlier digging. Secondary burials tend to be located within the main body of the mound and sometimes one of these was mistaken for the primary burial which was usually the goal of the antiquarian. Even when the primary burial has been excavated, further secondary burials often survive in the undisturbed surrounding part of the mound or outer infilled ditch. Additional valuable information about the mound's construction and the local environment at the time of its construction will also survive antiquarian excavation. The cairn 615m SSW of Rudland House will retain important archaeological information.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the earthwork and associated buried remains of a prehistoric burial mound constructed mainly of stones on the eastern side of Rudland Beck 650m north west of White Sykes. The cairn is sited on gently sloping ground around 50m east of Rudland Beck towards the base of a shallow valley between Swinacle Ridge to the west and the lower southern part of Rudland Rigg to the east. The cairn is a 6m diameter mound 0.6m high, constructed mainly of stones ranging from 0.2m to 0.5m across. It has been disturbed by an unrecorded excavation with a narrow trench cut through to a central depression 2m in diameter and up to 0.5m deep. Spoil from this excavation appears to have been deposited on the south west side of the cairn elongating the mound to 8m north east to south west. Around the edge of the cairn there are a number of large edge set kerb stones. Excavation of other examples of round cairns in the region have shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of the mound frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits. A margin to allow for such an infilled ditch up to 2m wide around the cairn is thus also included within the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32711

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing