Bowl barrow 735m SSE of Kingston Dairy

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1019605
Date first listed:
23-Jun-1956
Date of most recent amendment:
06-Oct-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 735m SSE of Kingston Dairy
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Kingston Deverill
National Grid Reference:
ST 84603 36219

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although it has been spread by ploughing, the bowl barrow 735m SSE of Kingston Dairy survives in the form of extant and buried remains and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Details

The monument includes one of a pair of bowl barrows 735m SSE of Kingston Dairy at the top of King's Hill, a ridge of Middle Chalk overlooking the upper reaches of the Wylye valley to the north. The mound of the barrow, which has been spread by ploughing, is 0.4m high and 21m in diameter. A dark ring of soil, visible on aerial photographs indicates a surrounding quarry ditch, 6m wide. This has become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried feature. Surrounding this are the remains of an external bank 5m wide, visible as a lighter patch of soil. A modern metalled track and a fenceline, where they fall within the area of the monument, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
31683
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1957), 179 (7)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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