Round barrow in Springwood Heights Plantation, 220m north west of Springwood Cottage
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Sep-2019 at 03:09:40.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- North Yorkshire
- Scarborough (District Authority)
- National Park:
- NORTH YORK MOORS
- National Grid Reference:
- SE 95377 92742
Reasons for Designation
Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow in Springwood Heights Plantation, 220m north west of Springwood Cottage has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound and within the buried ditch. It is the only barrow identified on the Hackness Hills which does not appear to have been excavated in the past and it will therefore have undisturbed archaeological deposits in the centre relating to the primary burials, which are less likely to survive in the part-excavated barrows. The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric burial monuments. The association with similar monuments provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.
The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent ridge top
position between High Dales and Whisper Dales, on the Hackness Hills.
The barrow has an earthen mound which stands up to 1.3m high and has a maximum
diameter of 16m. The mound has, however, been truncated on the east side by
forestry ploughing and on the west side by the construction of a field
boundary fence so that it measures only up to 12m east to west. The mound was
originally surrounded by a ditch up to 2m wide but this has become infilled
over the years by soil slipping from the mound so that it is no longer visible
as an earthwork.
The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric burial
The field boundary fence which runs across the western edge of the mound in a
north to south direction is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath the fence posts is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Title: Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors Archaeological Survey Source Date: 1992 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 2nd Edition 25" sheet 77/1 Source Date: 1928 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing