Bowl barrow 380m west of Whitfield Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019639

Date first listed: 23-May-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Nov-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 380m west of Whitfield Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Bradford Peverell

National Grid Reference: SY 67061 91466

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 380m west of Whitfield Farm survives well and is known from partial excavation to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the wider cemetery, and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a ridge overlooking the Frome valley. The barrow forms part of a group of eight similar monuments which together form a dispersed round barrow cemetery associated with an earlier long barrow. The rest of the barrows are the subject of separate schedulings. The barrows also lie in proximity to part of the course of the Roman aqueduct which supplied water to the town of Durnovaria (Dorchester). The aqueduct is also the subject of a separate scheduling. The barrow was recorded by L Grinsell in 1959 and the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England in 1952. It has a mound composed of earth and chalk, with maximum dimensions of about 1.8m in height and 20m in diameter. Partial excavation by E Cunnington in 1879 identified a primary crouched adult inhumation burial with a beaker, six secondary cremation burials, pottery and a small bronze knife. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature about 2m wide. The barrow lies on the periphery of an extensive area of field system which is likely to have prehistoric origins. The field system has since been reduced by ploughing however, and is not considered to be of national importance and it is not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 33189

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 36
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 96

End of official listing