Four round barrows 520m west of Brickyard Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019711

Date first listed: 15-Nov-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Jul-2002

Map

Ordnance survey map of Four round barrows 520m west of Brickyard Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: LCPs of Fylingdales and Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 96544 01585

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The four round barrows 520m west of Brickyard Cottage have survived well and significant information about the original form of the barrows and the burials placed within them will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mounds.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a group of four round barrows and the area between the barrows in which unmarked burials and other archaeological remains may survive. The monument is situated on the eastern edge of Howdale Moor. This is the easternmost extent of the sandstone, heather covered moor characteristic of the North York Moors. Today the moor is little used but archaeological evidence indicates that this has not always been the case. The prehistoric period in particular saw extensive agricultural use of the area. It was also used for burials and activities associated with the carving of patterns on exposed rock. Remains of these activities survive today.

The northern barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.5m high and measuring 22m in diameter. The centre of the mound has been partially excavated in the past. Lying 40m to the south west of this mound is a pair of small barrows each with a mound 6m in diameter and standing up to 0.4m high. This pair of mounds are 6m apart. Lying 55m to the east of the pair of barrows is a further barrow with a mound 10m in diameter and 0.6m in height. Each of the barrow mounds is surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide, which has subsequently been filled in, and is no longer visible.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34392

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of North East Yorkshire, (1997), 1-138
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of North East Yorkshire, (1997), 1-38

End of official listing