Bowl barrow 270m south west of Norton Bavant House

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1019732
Date first listed:
09-Apr-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 270m south west of Norton Bavant House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Sutton Veny
National Grid Reference:
ST 90509 43147

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite truncation on one side, the bowl barrow 270m south west of Norton Bavant House survives well and is known from partial excavation to contain archaeological and environmental evidence for the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The low lying barrows of the Wylye valley provide evidence for settlement patterns of the later prehistoric period.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the flood plain of the Wylye valley to the south east of Warminster. The barrow lies 110m south of the river. The mound of the barrow is irregular in form due to partial excavation in the 18th century and comprises a `D'-shaped platform 0.2m high supporting a central prominence 1.4m high. From north east to south west the platform is 21m wide. To the east it has been truncated by a drainage ditch and the width is 19m. The mound was surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried for its construction. This has become infilled and will survive as a buried feature 3m wide, except to the east where this feature may have been removed. The barrow was partially excavated by Mrs Downs in 1787 who found an urn of unbaked clay containing a cremation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
34204
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Colt Hoare, R, History of Ancient Wiltshire: Volume II, (1821), 114

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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