Round barrow 120m west of Kirkless Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019775

Date first listed: 25-Jan-2001


Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 120m west of Kirkless Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Harwood Dale


National Grid Reference: SE 98504 93925


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow 120m west of Kirkless Farm has survived well and will preserve significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is particularly important since it is one of only a few barrows in the North York Moors area to survive as an earthwork in a valley bottom location; the majority of upstanding barrows are situated on the higher ground of the surrounding moorlands. It lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric burial monuments. The association with similar monuments provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across different topographical zones of the landscape during the prehistoric period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a round barrow which occupies a prominent position in the centre of Harwood Dale. It is situated on the boulder clay towards the eastern edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an earthen mound which stands up to 1.7m high and measures 26m in diameter. Originally the mound was surrounded by a kerb of stones to define the barrow, but over the years these stones have become buried by soil slipping off the mound and they are no longer visible. In the centre of the mound and extending to the west there is a trench caused by partial excavation in 1949. This excavation uncovered a jet pendant, as well as fragments of pottery and traces of a cremation. The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments, including further barrows as well as field systems and clearance cairns. A field boundary fence runs past the southern edge of the monument in a WNW to ESE direction. The fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34571

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Lamplough, W H, Lidster, J R, 'Transactions of Scarborough and District Archaeol. Soc.' in The Excavation of the Kirkless Barrow, , Vol. vol 1, 3, (1960), 29-33
Title: Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors Archaeological Survey Source Date: 1992 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing