Round barrow on Ebberston Low Moor, 200m north west of Ebberston Common House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019937

Date first listed: 09-May-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Ebberston Low Moor, 200m north west of Ebberston Common House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Ebberston and Yedingham

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 90020 89594

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow on Ebberston Low Moor, 200m north west of Ebberston Common House, has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is situated close to a complex of pit alignments in an area which also includes many other burial monuments. The relationships between these monuments are important for understanding the division and use of the landscape for social, ritual and agricultural purposes during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which is situated on level ground, towards the northern scarp edge of the Tabular Hills. The barrow has an earth and stone mound which stands up to 0.6m high. Formerly it had a diameter of 13m, but ploughing has truncated the western edge so that now the mound measures only 10m in an east to west direction. Originally the mound would have been surrounded by a kerb of stones which defined the barrow. However, over the years many of these stones have been taken away or buried by soil slipping off the mound and they are no longer visible, although a few can be seen on the western edge where they have been dislodged by ploughing. The line of an old excavation trench is visible as a shallow depression running across the mound in a north west to south east direction. The protected area includes the whole of the area of the original barrow mound and encircling kerb. The barrow lies in an area which has many other prehistoric monuments, including further burials and the remains of prehistoric land division. A fence line runs east to west past the northern edge of the barrow mound: all fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34680

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A, Linear Earthworks of the Tabular Hills: North East Yorkshire, (1989)
Other
3532,

End of official listing