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Stone hut circle settlement and post-medieval shelter 990m north east of Hawthorn Clitter, 1030m east of The Thirlstone

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Stone hut circle settlement and post-medieval shelter 990m north east of Hawthorn Clitter, 1030m east of The Thirlstone

List entry Number: 1019981

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Gidleigh

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Jan-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28762

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle settlement and post-medieval shelter 990m north east of Hawthorn Clitter, 1030m east of The Thirlstone, survives well and forms part of a group of at least six similar settlements overlooking a substantial natural basin formed by the North Teign River, the Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook. Together, this group of settlements represents an important insight into this particular form of relatively rare prehistoric settlement. The juxtaposition of the prehistoric settlement with the post-medieval shelter provides obvious evidence of continuity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement and post- medieval shelter known as Will May's House situated on a gentle east facing slope overlooking the valley of the North Teign River. The stone hut circle settlement includes seven stone hut circles which survive as circular walls each surrounding an internal area which varies from 12 sq m to 27 sq m. The heights of the surrounding walls vary between 0.25m and 0.7m. Four of the huts have visible doorways. The post-medieval shelter includes a coursed drystone wall standing between 0.6m and 1.15m wide and up to 1.2m high. The interior measures 2.7m long by 1.3m wide and is entered through a doorway in the northern wall which measures 0.45m wide. A fireplace built into the western wall measures 0.5m wide by 0.75m deep and 0.67m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
MPP Fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1999)

National Grid Reference: SX 63925 86900

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019981 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 04:39:33.

End of official listing