Length of reave and three military emplacements 290m south west and 280m south east of Cox Tor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020003

Date first listed: 11-Dec-2001


Ordnance survey map of Length of reave and three military emplacements 290m south west and 280m south east of Cox Tor
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 52927 75925, SX 53301 76015


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are some of the major features of the Dartmoor landscape. The reaves are part of an extensive system of prehistoric land division introduced during the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They consist of simple linear stone banks used to mark out discrete territories, some of which are tens of kilometres in extent. The systems are defined by parallel, contour and watershed reaves, dividing the lower land from the grazing zones of the higher moor and defining the watersheds of adjacent river systems. Occupation sites and funerary or ceremonial monuments are often incorporated in, or associated with, reave complexes. Their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation, land divisions and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They show considerable longevity as a monument type, sometimes surviving as fossilised examples in medieval field plans. They are an important element in the existing landscape and, as such, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The length of reave 290m and 280m south east of Cox Tor survives well and forms part of an extensive coaxial field system. The military emplacements associated with this reave provide an insight into the later use of this area of the Moor for military training purposes during the 20th century.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes a length of reave and three military mortar emplacements situated on a moderately steep south facing slope of Cox Tor overlooking Whitchurch Common. The reave, which forms part of a coaxial field system that extends over much of Whitchurch Common, survives as a 2m wide and 0.6m high rubble bank which is faced in places with larger stones. Two main lengths of reave survive, with the western part measuring 140m long and the eastern section being 500m long. The western military emplacement cuts into the southern edge of the reave and survives as a 3.5m long by 3.5m wide triangular shaped area denoted by a 1.4m wide earthwork bank standing up to 0.4m high. A south facing gap in the bank represents an entrance. The central emplacement also cuts into the reave, but this one survives as a 4.7m diameter circular area denoted by a 0.8m wide bank standing up to 0.4m high. A lowering of the southern bank may represent an entrance. The western emplacement is situated at NGR SX53507605 and survives as a 4.7m diameter circular area surrounded by a 1.7m wide bank standing up to 0.6m high. The interior of this structure is sunken about 0.6m below the surrounding ground surface. These three military emplacements fall within a former military training area and represent the use of this area for training purposes by allied troops in the build up to D-Day.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22363

Legacy System: RSM


MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (2000)
Title: Cox Tor Survey Source Date: 1991 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 1:2500 plan

End of official listing