Bowl barrow 445m south west of East Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020031

Date first listed: 24-Jan-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 445m south west of East Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Knook

National Grid Reference: ST 93685 41305

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some spreading due to ploughing, the bowl barrow 445m south west of East Farm is a good survival in an unusual location on low lying land. There is no record that the barrow has been excavated and it therefore has a high potential for the preservation of archaeological and environmental remains relating to the monument's construction and use, and to the contemporary landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the flood plain of the River Wylye 300m west of the river, and to the south of the village of Knook. The mound of the barrow has been spread by ploughing but still stands to a height of 1.1m. It is circular with a diameter of 46m, although to the west it has been truncated slightly by a downcut path (a track, similar to a hollow way, cut slightly beneath the surrounding ground surface), bounded on both sides by a hedge. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has been covered by the spreading of the mound but will survive as a buried feature 3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34189

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing