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Round barrow cemetery 330m east of Linden Lea

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow cemetery 330m east of Linden Lea

List entry Number: 1020300

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: City of Peterborough

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Orton Waterville

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Jun-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Jun-2001

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33359

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow cemetery 330m east of Linden Lea is part of an important prehistoric landscape in the Nene Valley and is amongst the rare surviving examples of Bronze Age cemeteries in this area, most of which have been destroyed by ploughing. As a result of partial excavation in 1989 the remains are quite well understood, while significant archaeological deposits survive intact.

These remains will retain valuable archaeological evidence contributing to an understanding of Bronze Age funerary ritual and the social and economic development of the region during this period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow cemetery, situated approximately 330m east of Linden Lea on the east side of the A1139. The mounds of the barrows have been reduced by ploughing and are no longer visible. The ditches, from which earth was dug in the construction of the mounds, became infilled but survive as buried features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. The aerial photographs also reveal internal features, which may include burial pits.

In 1989 the ditches were partly excavated and found to be between 1m and 1.25m wide. The ditch of the northernmost barrow is approximately 20m in diameter and contained a worked Bronze Age flint. Nearby to the south east is another ditch with a diameter of 20m, within which two small pits are situated. Its south western neighbour is 20m in diameter. A trench across its south eastern edge revealed two or three superimposed ditches containing three pieces of worked flint, including one blade. Its north western corner interlinks with its western neighbour which has a diameter of 27m. The southernmost ditch is the largest in the group with a diameter of 30m.

The round barrow cemetery is thought to have formed part of a larger Bronze Age cemetery, as cropmark evidence 600m to the south west suggests. The survival of these barrows is, however, uncertain and they are not therefore included in the scheduling. In the medieval period the field in which the mounds stood was cultivated, leaving remains of ridge and furrow.

All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 10 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TL 14756 96119

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 04:26:41.

End of official listing