Bell barrow and bowl barrow at Kitson's Clumps


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020318

Date first listed: 11-Feb-2002


Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow and bowl barrow at Kitson's Clumps
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Wonston

National Grid Reference: SU 47475 40105


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments constructed as earthen mounds which covered single or multiple burials, often in pits. Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form, date to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They were constructed as single or multiple mounds, surrounded by a berm and an enclosure ditch, covering burials that are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. Bowl barrows, by comparison, are relatively common with over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally, occurring across most of lowland Britain with some variations in form and burial practices. They were constructed as simple earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, and date from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age (2400-1500 BC). Both bell and bowl barrows occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries, usually occupying prominent locations, and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. They are particularly representative of their period and all identified bell barrows and a substantial proportion of surviving bowl barrows are considered worthy of protection. The bell barrow and bowl barrow at Kitson's Clumps survive well despite some later disturbance and can be expected to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to monument and the environment in which it was constructed. Their highly visible location beside a public right of way, and their modern association with a memorial to Richard Kitson, a man of prominence in the local community, add to their importance.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bell barrow and a bowl barrow, both of probable Bronze Age date (2400-700 BC), prominently situated at the end of a chalk ridge overlooking the River Dever 500m to the south. They are located on a slight promontory within a copse of trees known formerly as Cranbourne Clump but now renamed as Kitson Clumps in memory of Richard Kitson, died 1992, for whom a memorial plaque has been erected on the monument. The monument commands extensive views in all directions. The two barrows are aligned roughly east-west along the ridge. The bowl barrow lies to the west and includes a roughly circular mound, 21m in diameter and 1.2m high. The mound is deeply hollowed in the centre, indicating that it has been disturbed by later excavation. The bell barrow lies 16m to the ENE and includes a flat-topped, circular mound, 24m in diameter, surrounded by a 6m wide berm. It stands up to 1.4m high and is flanked to the north east by a shallow, partly infilled ditch, 5m wide, further traces of which can be seen surrounding the barrow. A similar ditch, from which material would have been obtained for the construction of the mound, is likely to have surrounded the bowl barrow but has been infilled by later ploughing. Two bronze daggers found on the surface of the bell barrow's mound are now in the Winchester Museum. Further buried remains associated with the construction and use of both barrows, including burials, grave pits, burial goods, and the original ground surface, can be expected to survive beneath the mounds and in the area lying between them. The wooden fences and the memorial plaque situated on the monument are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34141

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing