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Bowl barrow east of the Knolls

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow east of the Knolls

List entry Number: 1020355

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Central Bedfordshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Leighton-Linslade

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Sep-1954

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Apr-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20424

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance to the bowl barrow east of the Knolls, caused by the construction of a pavilion in the 19th century, the monument survives well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed. The importance of the barrow at the Knolls is enhanced by its proximity to another large bowl barrow, 70m to the south west.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on level ground some 600m east of the River Ouzel. The barrow mound survives to 20m in diameter and is 1.5m high. The south east face of the burial mound was slightly altered by the insertion of a former tennis court in the early 1900s, while a slight elongation of the mound on the eastern side is considered to be made up of the spoil removed from the barrow. Material for the construction of the barrow was quarried from a ditch at the foot of the mound. Over the years this ditch has become infilled, although it was visible in the 19th century and still survives as a buried feature. The barrow is apparently unexcavated but a Bronze Age pottery incense cup was found in the vicinity. Another barrow lies to the south west.

All fences and fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County, (1908)
Thomas, , 'Beds. Archaeologist' in Beds. Archaeologist, , Vol. 1,3, (1956)
Other
Coleman, SR (Beds CC Conservation Section), (1993)
Jones, JB, The Two Knolls, Plantation Road, Leighton Linslade, (1988)
Mr R M Smith, (1991)

National Grid Reference: SP 91951 27209

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020355 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 03:49:03.

End of official listing