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Bowl barrow 250m south of Honey Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 250m south of Honey Farm

List entry Number: 1020393

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cambridgeshire

District: Fenland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chatteris

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Feb-2002

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33369

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 250m south of Honey Farm is one of the few surviving elements of a formerly extensive round barrow cemetery, now largely destroyed by ploughing. It is better preserved than most barrows in the area as it has only been under plough since 1972. It appears to be unexcavated and will contain a wealth of archaeological evidence relating to activity on the site, including the manner and date of its construction, its use and the appearance of the landscape in which it was set. The monument has additional value as part of an important archaeological landscape, which preserves prehistoric and Romano- British settlement remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on Honey Hill, 250m south of Honey Farm. It is situated on a gravel island along the Fen edge; a location that with its wetter and drier grounds attracted ritual and settlement activity from the Neolithic onwards. It is part of a spread of barrow clusters along the eastern side of Chatteris gravel island. About 110m to the south west and 400m to the south east are two more round barrows, which are subject to separate schedulings.

The mound of the barrow in this scheduling has been partly spread by modern ploughing, and now stands 1m high, covering an area of approximately 40m in diameter. The original mound is likely to have measured about 20m in diameter, as a survey conducted in 1978 suggests. The encircling ditch from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound, has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature underneath the spread remains of the mound. It is thought to measure up to 5m wide by comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in the area.

In 1978 undated skeletons lying in east-west parallel rows were ploughed out of the mound. There are thought to be secondary burials of the Romano-British period, associated with a settlement in the vicinity. The available evidence indicates that the barrow lies within a pattern of Romano-British paddocks, of which a segment will survive beneath the spread of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TL 43446 88428

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 06:56:46.

End of official listing