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Bowl barrow 580m east of Mount Pleasant Bridge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 580m east of Mount Pleasant Bridge

List entry Number: 1020394

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cambridgeshire

District: Fenland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chatteris

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Feb-2002

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33370

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 580m east of Mount Pleasant Bridge is one of the few surviving examples of a formerly extensive round barrow cemetery, which has now been largely destroyed by ploughing. It is better preserved than most barrows in the area, as it has been under plough only since 1972. It appears to be unexcavated and will contain a wealth of archaeological evidence relating to activity on the site, including the manner and date of its construction, its use and the appearance of the landscape in which it was set. The monument has additional value as part of an important archaeological landscape, which preserves remains of Iron Age and Romano-British settlement, in which it stood out as an important local landmark, or even ritual site, as the surrounding enclosure suggests.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on Honey Hill, 580m east of Mount Pleasant Bridge. It is situated on a gravel island along the Fen edge; a location that with its wetter and drier ground attracted ritual and settlement activity from the Neolithic period onwards. The barrow is part of a spread of barrow clusters along the eastern side of the Chatteris gravel island and in the vicinity are two more barrows which are subject to separate schedulings; one lies 110m to the north east, the other 420m to the south east.

The mound of the barrow in this scheduling has been partly spread by modern ploughing, and now stands 1m high, covering an area of approximately 35m in diameter. The original mound is likely to have measured about 20m in diameter, as a survey conducted in 1978 suggests. The spread remains cover the buried deposits of a surrounding ditch from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound, which became infilled over the years but is visible as a buried feature on aerial photographs. It is expected to measure up to 5m wide, as evidence from examples excavated elsewhere in the area suggests. The barrow is surrounded by the buried remains of a square enclosure, visible on aerial photographs, which measures approximately 35m east-west by 50m north-south.

The function and date of the enclosure remain unknown, although it has been suggested that it may have been Romano-British in origin, serving perhaps as a shrine based on the existing barrow. To the north west the enclosure extends into a drove, part of a diffuse Iron Age and Romano-British settlement, which at present is inadequately understood and is not included in the scheduling.

On top of the mound prehistoric flints were found, as well as medieval pottery fragments, spread from an occupation site south of the barrow. The survival of the medieval settlement remains has not been determined and it is therefore not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 10 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TL 43359 88343

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 09:20:53.

End of official listing