Round barrow on Givendale Rigg, 1.5km south west of Givendale Head Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020517

Date first listed: 19-Jan-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Feb-2002

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Givendale Rigg, 1.5km south west of Givendale Head Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Allerston

National Grid Reference: SE 88626 86273

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow on Givendale Rigg, 1.5km south west of Givendale Head Farm survives well. Despite the disturbance caused to the barrow by excavation in the past and activities relating to forestry, significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burial placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow's mound.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow, situated on level ground at the edge of a mature conifer plantation immediately to the west of a south west to north east aligned forestry track, located on Middle Calcareous Grit towards the southern fringe of the Tabular Hills. The earthen mound of the barrow is sub-circular in plan with an irregularly shaped profile 11m in diameter and 0.8m high. The western side is well defined, whilst others have suffered degrees of disturbance. The eastern side of the barrow has been cut by a surfaced forestry track, removing this portion of its mound. The northern and southern sides of the mound have been disturbed by a 6m wide north-south excavation trench through the centre of the barrow. Excavated material lies on top of the mound either side of the excavation trench. The surfaced forestry track cutting the eastern side of the eastern barrow is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34607

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Dalby Forest Survey, (1996)

End of official listing