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Rothern Bridge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Rothern Bridge

List entry Number: 1020702

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Frithelstock

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Great Torrington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Nov-1928

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Apr-2002

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34444

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Multi-span bridges are structures of two or more arches supported on piers. They were constructed throughout the medieval period for the use of pedestrians and packhorse or vehicular traffic, crossing rivers or streams, often replacing or supplementing earlier fords. During the early medieval period timber was used, but from the 12th century stone (and later brick) bridges became more common, with the piers sometimes supported by a timber raft. Most stone or brick bridges were constructed with pointed arches, although semicircular and segmental examples are also known. A common medieval feature is the presence of stone ashlar ribs underneath the arch. The bridge abutments and revetting of the river banks also form part of the bridge. Where medieval bridges have been altered in later centuries, original features are sometimes concealed behind later stonework, including remains of earlier timber bridges. The roadway was often originally cobbled or gravelled. The building and maintenance of bridges was frequently carried out by the church and by guilds, although landowners were also required to maintain bridges. From the mid-13th century the right to collect tolls, known as pontage, was granted to many bridges, usually for repairs; for this purpose many urban bridges had houses or chapels on them, and some were fortified with a defensive gateway. Medieval multi-span bridges must have been numerous throughout England, but most have been rebuilt or replaced and less than 200 examples are now known to survive. As a rare monument type largely unaltered, surviving examples and examples that retain significant medieval and post- medieval fabric are considered to be of national importance.

Rothern Bridge survives very well and although still used very occasionally by some vehicular traffic, it is now primarily a focus for visitors. Architectural and archaeological information concerning the construction and development of this bridge survives within its fabric.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a four arched stone road bridge spanning the River Torridge near Torrington. The earliest surviving fabric of the bridge is probably early 15th century. The original elements of the bridge comprise narrow arches rising sharply from piers to a slight point. The road carried on these arches would have been in the order of 2.75m to 3m wide. The bridge was widened in the early part of the 19th century by adding new arches springing from the cutwaters and this increased the road width to 4.7m. The parapet denoting the edge of the roadway measures 0.75m high by 0.4m wide and is of rubble construction with a dressed stone coping. The bridge was rendered redundant in 1928 when the nearby Rolle Bridge was constructed. The bridge is Listed Grade II. The modern road surface is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.



MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS41NE9, (1997)

National Grid Reference: SS 47908 19741

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020702 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 06:06:36.

End of official listing