Bowl barrow in Throop Clump, 450m west of Heatherdown


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020734

Date first listed: 14-Sep-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Jul-2002


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Throop Clump, 450m west of Heatherdown
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck (District Authority)

Parish: Affpuddle

National Grid Reference: SY 82489 92410


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance by past excavation, the bowl barrow in Throop Clump, 450m west of Heatherdown survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a low ridge overlooking the Piddle Valley to the north. The barrow has a mound composed of earth, sand and turf, with maximum dimensions of 20m in diameter and about 1.2m in height. The mound has a central depression 4m in diameter and a series of military trenches within the north eastern area although all are now much infilled. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This ditch is visible as an earthwork 5m wide and about 0.5m deep and is overlain by a boundary bank on the south west side. The bank is of uncertain date and its course beyond the monument is, therefore, not included in the scheduling. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35237

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 434

End of official listing